Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech

You will remember things better if you write them out, rather than just print them out or read them on the screen.

adjective (Example: “a yellow flower”; yellow is the adjective)

adverb (Example: “eat slowly”; slowly is the adverb)

agreement (Example: “dogs bark vs. a dog barks”; the subject and verb agree in these examples)

article (Example: “a yellow flower”; a is the article)

auxiliary verb (Example: “I was running”; was is the auxiliary verb)

comparative (Example: “the red building is taller than the other”; taller is the comparative)

compound noun (Example: “toothpaste and bus stop” are compound nouns)

conditional (Example: “If it’s sunny, I’ll go swimming”; this phrase expresses a conditional)

conjunction (Example: “paper and pencils”; and is the conjunction)

continuous (Example: “He is running”; is running is the continuous verb)

contraction (Example: “I can’t”; can’t is the contraction)

count noun (Example: “three pencils”; pencil is a count noun)

demonstrative pronoun (Example: “this yellow flower”; this is the demonstrative)

determiner (Example: “the yellow flower”; the is the determiner)

direct object (Example: “I dropped the cup”; cup is the direct object)

future tense/aspect (Example: “He will go”; will expresses the future)

gerund (Example: “Swimming is fun”; swimming is the gerund)

infinitive (Example: “I want to eat”; to eat is the infinitive)

intransitive verb (Example: “I swim in the morning”; swim is an intransitive verb)

irregular noun (Example: “child vs. children”; children is an irregular plural noun)

irregular verb (Example: “go vs went”; went is an irregular verb)

mass noun (Example: “furniture”; furniture is a mass noun)

modal (Example: “I should go”; should is the modal)

noun (Example: “a yellow flower”; flower is the noun)

participle (Example: “I picked a yellow flower”; picked a yellow flower is the participle)

past tense (Example: “He ate an apple”; ate is in the past tense)

perfect tense (Example: “I have jumped”; have jumped is in the (past) perfect tense)

phrasal verb (Example: “look up that word”; look up is the phrasal verb)

plural (Example: “pencil vs. pencils”; pencils is the plural)

possessive (Example: “Mario’s book”; Mario’s is the possessive)

preposition (Example: “the book on the table”; on is the preposition)

present tense (Example: “I am at school”; am is the present tense)

pronoun (Example: “You are nice”; you is a pronoun)

proper noun (Example: “France”; France is a proper noun)

reflexive pronoun (Example: “he shaved himself”; himself is the reflexive pronoun)

relative pronoun (Example: “I want the book that you wrote”; that is the relative pronoun)

subjunctive (Example: “I request you stay here”; This phrase is expressed in the subjunctive)

superlative (Example: “the tallest building”; tallest is the superlative form)

transitive verb (Example: “I ate cereal”; ate is a transitive verb)

verb (Example: “He hopped”; hopped is the verb)